The MPG/ESO telescope is a 2.2-metre f/8.0 (17.6-metre) ground-based telescope at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in La Silla, Chile. It was built by Zeiss and has been operating since 1984. It was on indefinite loan to the European Southern Observatory from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA). In October 2013 it was returned to the MPIA. Telescope time is shared between MPIA and MPE observing programmes, while the operation and maintenance of the telescope are ESO's responsibility.
|Part of||La Silla Observatory|
|Organization||European Southern Observatory|
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy
|Altitude||2,375 m (7,792 ft)|
|First light||22 June 1983|
|Telescope style||optical telescope|
|Diameter||2.20 m (7 ft 3 in)|
|Secondary diameter||0.84 m (2 ft 9 in)|
|Angular resolution||0.3 arcsecond|
|Collecting area||3.8 m2 (41 sq ft)|
|Focal length||17.6 m (57 ft 9 in)|
|Related media on Wikimedia Commons|
The telescope hosts three instruments: the 67-million-pixel Wide Field Imager with a field of view as large as the full Moon, which has taken many amazing images of celestial objects; GROND, the Gamma-Ray Burst Optical/Near-Infrared Detector, which chases the afterglows of the most powerful explosions in the universe, known as gamma-ray bursts; and the high-resolution spectrograph, FEROS, used to make detailed studies of stars.
In November 2010 it was used to observe HIP 13044, and marked what was thought to be the first time a planetary system in a stellar stream of extragalactic origin had been detected. However, subsequent analysis in 2014 found no evidence for a planet orbiting the star.
WFI captures the star-forming dark cloud Lupus 3
The Orion Nebula (Messier 42) captured using the WFI camera
The Jewel Box NGC 4755 taken with the WFI
Amazing vista of the Lagoon Nebula taken with Wide Field Imager
One-square-degree image of the Tarantula Nebula using the WFI
Aerial view of the La Silla Observatory, home of the MPG/ESO telescope
MPG/ESO telescope's silver dome is seen in the foreground
MPG/ESO telescope images NGC 6388
- "The ESO/MPI 2.2m Telescope". ESO. 2 June 2014.
- "GROND - a 7-channel imager" (PDF). Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "European Southern Observatory". ESO. 2 June 2014.
- "WFI—Wide Field Imager". ESO. 19 May 2014.
- "MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope". ESO. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Bowdler, Neil (18 November 2010). "'Alien' planet detected circling dying star". BBC News. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Jones, M. I.; Jenkins, J. S. (2014). "No evidence of the planet orbiting the extremely metal-poor extragalactic star HIP 13044". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 562: id.A129. arXiv:1401.0517. Bibcode:2014A&A...562A.129J. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201322132. S2CID 55365608.
- "Diamonds in the Tail of the Scorpion". ESO. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Is it a Bird…?". www.eso.org. European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- "The globular cluster NGC 6388 observed by the European Southern Observatory". ESO Press Release. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
- Media related to MPG/ESO 2.2-m Telescope at Wikimedia Commons