From today's featured article
Carsten Borchgrevink (1864–1934) was an Anglo-Norwegian polar explorer and a pioneer of modern Antarctic travel. He was a precursor of Robert Falcon Scott, Ernest Shackleton, Roald Amundsen and others associated with the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. He began his exploring career in 1894 by joining a Norwegian whaling expedition, from which he brought back a collection of the first specimens of vegetable life within the Antarctic Circle. From 1898 to 1900 Borchgrevink led the British-financed Southern Cross Expedition, which in 1899 became the first to overwinter on the Antarctic mainland and the first to visit the Great Ice Barrier in nearly 60 years. There he set a Farthest South record at 78° 50′ S. He was one of three scientists sent to the Caribbean in 1902 by the National Geographic Society to report on the aftermath of the Mount Pelée disaster. Recognised and honoured by several countries, he received a handsome tribute in 1912 from Amundsen, conqueror of the South Pole. (Full article...)
Did you know ...
- ... that a journalist dubbed Olena Shevchenko (pictured) as "probably the most famous lesbian in Ukraine"?
- ... that the Electronic Arrays 9002 microprocessor was developed to get the company out of the calculator business, but instead led to their disappearance?
- ... that Stig Millehaugen, who had escaped or attempted escape from prison multiple times, was given a prison furlough in 2022 and failed to return?
- ... that posters for John Lindsay's 1965 New York City mayoral campaign told voters that "John Lindsay Cares About You"?
- ... that an intestine-on-a-chip can model and mimic an organ?
- ... that Charlie H. Hogan was called "king of engineers" after he became the first to drive a train at over 100 miles per hour (160 km/h)?
- ... that Internet activist Sally Burch was refused entry into Argentina because her presence was considered to be disruptive?
- ... that the name of the "Mormons vs. Mullets" game was a play on the 1988 "Catholics vs. Convicts" game?
In the news
- In ice hockey, the Colorado Avalanche defeat the Tampa Bay Lightning to win the Stanley Cup (Conn Smythe Trophy winner Cale Makar pictured).
- At least twenty-one people are found dead in a nightclub in East London, South Africa.
- A mass shooting during LGBT pride celebrations in Oslo, Norway, leaves two people dead and twenty-one others injured.
- The United States Supreme Court determines that abortion is not a protected constitutional right, overturning Roe v. Wade and Planned Parenthood v. Casey.
On this day
- 1860 – Seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, prominent British scientists and philosophers participated in an evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History.
- 1894 – London's Tower Bridge (pictured), a combined bascule and suspension bridge over the River Thames, was inaugurated.
- 1922 – An agreement was signed to end the United States occupation of the Dominican Republic.
- 1960 – The Belgian Congo gained independence from colonial rule, beginning a period of instability that would lead to the dictatorship of Joseph-Désiré Mobutu.
- 2015 – An Indonesian Air Force military transport aircraft crashed near a residential neighborhood in Medan, killing 139 people.
Today's featured picture
Ignace-Gaston Pardies (1636–1673) was a French Catholic priest and scientist. His celestial atlas, entitled Globi coelestis in tabulas planas redacti descriptio, comprised six charts of the night sky and was first published in 1674. The atlas uses a gnomonic projection so that the plates make up a cube of the celestial sphere. The constellation figures are drawn from Uranometria, but were carefully reworked and adapted to a broader view of the sky. This is the fourth plate from a 1693 edition of Pardies's atlas, featuring constellations including Virgo, Libra and Boötes, visible in the northern sky.
Map credit: Ignace-Gaston Pardies